JELLY is made with juice and is usually translucent, with no particles. It holds its shape nicely, yet it is soft enough to spread on toast.
JAM is made with crushed fruit and sugar. It is thicker than jelly, yet should be spreadable.
PRESERVES are made with whole fruit or chunks of fruit and are suspended in jelly. They are great over cream cheese or ice cream, but should also be great on toast. Or you can eat them right out of the jar, if you so desire!
CONSERVES are made with dried fruit, sugar, and nuts. They are typically very thick and can sometimes be made with spices or liquor. They are great served with a meat and cheese tray, but are wonderful with a bagel and cream cheese.
FRUIT HONEYS are made with fruit juice and honey or sugar. They can also be made with a fruit puree. They are thick and very sticky, but can be spread like a true honey.
CHUTNEY is typically made with a combination of fruit and/or veggies, vinegar, spices, sugar and is usually used as a condiment. However, some chutneys are sweet and are amazing over goat cheese or baked in a brie cheese. Chutney is usually thick and chunky.
FRUIT CURDS are made with fruit juice, eggs, and butter. Curds are typically thick and creamy and very rich. Very spreadable and smooth.
MARMALADE is jelly that is made with fruit rind and is typically made with citrus fruits.
FRUIT BUTTERS are made with pureed fruit and sugar, and can sometimes be made with spices. The fruit is usually cooked down until it is soft and then it is pureed until it is smooth. It is typically very thick, but spreadable.
So there you have it. Your quest for the ideal fruity spread is over and the mystery is solved. Now go and use what you have learned. Make some great food!!